Moses Confronts Pharaoh
Exodus 4:18 – 7:13
After the infamous encounter with Yahweh on Mount Horeb, Moses returned to his father-in-law Jethro to secure permission for him to leave for Egypt (remember when Jacob did not secure blessing from Laban, his wife’s father, to leave?). After receiving Jethro’s blessing, Moses packed up his family and left for Egypt.
The Lord speaks to Moses on the way, saying:
“When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go. Then say to Pharaoh, ‘This is what the Lord says: Israel is my firstborn son, and I told you, “Let my son go, so he may worship me.” But your refused to let him go; so I will kill your firstborn son’” (Exodus 4:21-23).
This pronouncement from the Lord foreshadows what will happen to Egypt and to its Pharaoh.
Moses and Aaron hook up in the desert at the mountain of God, and Moses fills Aaron in on all that God told him to do. When they arrived in Egypt they brought together all the elders of the Israelites and they told them everything that the Lord had told Moses. The miraculous signs were performed and they believed and worshiped Yahweh as a result.
Moses and Aaron make their debut performance with the King of Egypt—Pharaoh. They relayed the message the Lord gave them to say and Pharaoh balked. He said, “Who is the Lord? I don’t know him. I’m not going to let you go. No way!” (Exodus 5:2). Moses and Aaron repeated their request with the warning that plagues are coming. Pharaoh balked for a second time stating, “You are keeping the people from their work. No.”
Year 1, Week 25 Bible story from the Main Street Curriculum